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If you or a loved one have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, please just know that you’re not alone.

Doctor speaking with patient

Understanding Prostate Cancer Treatment

Before delving into specific treatment options, it's essential to understand that the choice of treatment depends on several factors, including the stage of cancer, age, overall health, and personal preferences. A multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, including urologists, oncologists, and radiation oncologists, will work together to tailor the best treatment plan for your specific situation.

Active Surveillance

  • In some cases, especially for low-risk prostate cancer, active surveillance may be recommended.
  • This approach involves close monitoring of the cancer's progression, with treatment initiated only if the cancer becomes more aggressive.
  • Active surveillance allows patients to avoid immediate side effects of more aggressive treatments.


  • Radical Prostatectomy: This surgical procedure involves removing the entire prostate gland and nearby lymph nodes. It is a common treatment for localized prostate cancer.
  • Robotic-Assisted Surgery: Minimally invasive robotic surgery is a variation of radical prostatectomy, offering smaller incisions and potentially faster recovery times.

Radiation Therapy

  • External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT): This non-invasive treatment uses high-energy X-rays to target and destroy cancer cells.
  • Brachytherapy: Also known as internal radiation therapy, it involves placing radioactive seeds directly into the prostate.
  • Proton Therapy: A precise form of radiation therapy, proton therapy minimizes damage to surrounding healthy tissue.

Hormone Therapy

  • Hormone therapy aims to reduce the levels of male hormones, like testosterone, which can fuel the growth of prostate cancer.
  • This treatment can be used as a standalone therapy or in combination with other treatments.


  • Chemotherapy may be recommended for advanced or metastatic prostate cancer when other treatments are less effective.
  • It involves using drugs to kill cancer cells or slow their growth, but it can have side effects.


  • Immunotherapy stimulates the body's immune system to recognize and attack cancer cells.
  • It is an emerging treatment option and may be used in clinical trials or as part of a comprehensive treatment plan.

Targeted Therapy

  • Targeted therapy medications are designed to specifically target certain molecules involved in cancer cell growth.
  • They are often used in combination with other treatments for advanced prostate cancer.

Bone-Directed Therapy

  • Prostate cancer often spreads to the bones. Bone-directed therapies help manage bone pain and strengthen bones.
  • Options include bisphosphonates and denosumab.

Watchful Waiting

  • Different from active surveillance, watchful waiting may be recommended for older patients with multiple health issues.
  • This approach involves managing symptoms as they arise without curative treatment.


Navigating the array of prostate cancer treatment options can be daunting, but it's important to consult with your healthcare team to determine the most suitable approach for your specific situation. Consider your personal preferences, the stage and aggressiveness of the cancer, and the potential side effects of each treatment. Being well-informed and actively involved in your healthcare decisions is crucial. Prostate cancer is treatable, and with the right approach, you can improve your chances of successful treatment and a better quality of life.